Leaders – Rebecca Kearney

What is taught?

In primary schools, PSHE stands for Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education. There are three main aspects which include: Health and Well-being, Relationships and Living in the Wider World.

What specific skills and knowledge are taught?

Health and Well-being teaches children:

  • What is meant by a healthy lifestyle
  • How to maintain physical, mental and emotional health and well-being
  • How to manage risks to physical and emotional health and well-being
  • Ways of keeping physically and emotionally safe
  • How to manage change, including puberty, transition and loss
  • How to make informed choices about health and well-being, and where to get help with this
  • How to respond in an emergency
  • To identify different influences on health and well-being
  • Staying safe online

Relationships education includes:

  • How to develop and maintain a variety of relationships, within a range of social and cultural contexts
  • How to recognise and manage emotions within relationships
  • How to respond to risky or negative relationships, including bullying and abuse
  • How to respond to risky or negative relationships and ask for help
  • How to respect equality and diversity in relationships

Living in the Wider World teaches pupils

  • About respect for themselves and others, and the importance of responsible actions and behaviour
  • About rights and responsibilities as members of families, other groups and citizens
  • About different groups and communities
  • To respect equality and diversity, and how to be a productive member of a diverse community
  • About the importance of respecting and protecting the environment
  • About where money comes from, keeping it safe, and the importance of managing it effectively
  • The part that money plays in people’s lives
  • A basic understanding of enterprise
  • E-safety, the importance of staying safe online and what to do if this is compromised.

How do we teach?

PSHE is taught weekly and can be taught in a variety of ways. We use different methods of recording, artwork, debate, discussion, acting and working outdoors as well as the use of technology. We also provide opportunities to develop new sensations and experiences for example, children get to teach a new skill; grow some food to eat; help improve the environment and volunteer in the community.

Why do we teach?

A good PSHE education will provide children with the knowledge, skills and understanding to lead confident, healthy, nurturing and independent lives. Children are living through unique and often stressful times. PSHE lessons help to ensure children have a variety of familiar ways to care for themselves and others now and in the future. On top of this, they will explore a sense of identity in the wider world by learning about their role within and connection to it. Exploring issues of the environment, money, diversity will give the pupils greater stability when it comes to preparing for the next stages of their lives.

Since September 2020, primary schools have taught Relationships Education as part of the statutory curriculum. The children are taught to recognise different kinds of families and relationships, learn how to recognise prejudice and develop respect for themselves, their peers and their communities and well as how to be healthy.

We aim, at Poppy Road, to develop, maintain and promote a culture of kindness and support for our pupils, enabling them to feel valued in the world they find themselves living in. Through regular and good quality teaching of this subject, with lessons delivered in creative ways which include responding to children’s needs and interests, Poppy Road aims to promote kindness, a sense of belonging, valuing commitment to the community and our planet.

Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development

Leader Rachael Bulley

Why do we develop SMSC in our children?

At Poppleton Road Primary school we believe that the personal development of pupils spiritually, morally, socially and culturally, plays a significant part in their ability to learn, achieve and thrive. We therefore aim to provide an education that provides pupils with opportunities to explore and develop their own values and beliefs, spiritual awareness, high standards of personal behaviour, a positive, caring attitude towards other people, an understanding of their social and cultural traditions and an appreciation of the diversity and richness of a range of cultures.

When does SMSC development take place?

At Poppleton Road Primary School, SMSC is developed through regular collective worship, during RE lessons and other curriculum areas, as well as seizing the opportunities for development that arise during the school day. We also aim, where possible, to develop each aspect of SMSC through visits and visitors.

How do we develop SMSC in our children?

Below are some examples of how we ensure that children have the opportunity for SMSC development in school.


We encourage spiritual development during RE lessons, collective worship and by welcoming and accepting the spiritual beliefs of others within our school community. We create opportunities for the children to reflect on, consider and celebrate the wonders and mysteries of life.


We develop moral understanding through our behaviour expectations (At Poppleton Road Primary We Are: Ready, Respectful and Safe) and through PSHE lessons. We look specifically at actions with a moral dilemma and discuss them to develop the children’s understanding. We feel it is important that children take initiative and act responsibly with consideration for others; distinguish between right and wrong and make informed and independent judgements.


We have a wide variety of opportunities for social development in school including: PSHE lessons; Buddy system with older children supporting the play of younger children; Social skills intervention groups and a consistent behaviour policy with clear consequences and rewards. We ensure all pupils have a voice through an elected school council who are active in making positive changes through school. We develop an understanding of their individual and group identity, learning about service in the school and wider community and beginning to understand the need for social justice and a concern for the disadvantaged.


The cultural development of our children is encouraged and supported through collective worship; RE lessons; understanding different cultures and in welcoming and accepting the cultural beliefs of everyone in our school community. All curriculum areas should seek illustrations and examples drawn from as wide a range of cultural contexts as possible. We recognise, respect and celebrate the value and richness of cultural diversity in Britain, and how these influence individuals and society.


PSHE Intent Statement

PSHE Progression Document

Overview PSHE Esafety and Mental and Emotional Health Focus

PSHE Policy

RSE Policy

SMSC Policy